From Textiles to Tech: Key Insights into Vietnam’s Manufacturing Sector 2024


Vietnam’s manufacturing sector has seen remarkable growth over the past few decades, transforming the country into a key player in the global manufacturing landscape. This article delves into the expansion of Vietnam’s manufacturing sector, highlighting key industries, foreign direct investment, competitive advantages, and the future outlook. For businesses and investors, understanding these elements is crucial for capitalizing on the manufacturing sector Vietnam offers.

Key Industries Driving Growth

Vietnam’s manufacturing sector is diverse, with several key industries contributing to its rapid expansion:

  • Electronics and Electrical Equipment: The electronics industry has been a significant driver of growth, with Vietnam becoming a major manufacturing hub for global giants like Samsung, Intel, and LG.In 2022, Vietnam exported $57.9 billion worth of mobile phones, primarily to China and the US. Electronics exports accounted for 30% of the country’s total exports.
  • Textiles and Garments: Vietnam is one of the largest textile and garment exporters globally. The industry is projected to reach an export revenue of $44 billion this year, a 9% increase from 2023. The sector has expanded its market reach to countries like Canada, China, the UK, Australia, Russia, Thailand, and India.
  • Footwear: Vietnam is the second-largest exporter of footwear worldwide. In 2023, the country earned $20.2 billion from footwear exports, accounting for 10% of the global market share. The industry’s major markets include the US, China, and Belgium.
  • Agriculture: Vietnam’s agricultural sector is another pillar of its manufacturing base. In 2022, the sector saw a growth of 3.36%, with an export turnover of $53.22 billion. Key exports include rice, coffee, seafood, and cashew nuts.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Foreign direct investment has played a crucial role in the expansion of Vietnam’s manufacturing sector. The country’s favorable investment policies, strategic location, and skilled workforce have attracted significant FDI from major global companies. Notable investments include:

  • Samsung: With multiple production facilities, Samsung is one of the largest foreign investors in Vietnam’s electronics industry.
  • Intel: Intel’s substantial investment in a chip assembly and testing plant highlights the importance of Vietnam in the global electronics supply chain.
  • LG: LG has established manufacturing operations in Vietnam, further strengthening the country’s position as an electronics hub.

Competitive Advantages

Vietnam offers several competitive advantages that make it an attractive destination for manufacturing:

  • Strategic Location: Situated in Southeast Asia, Vietnam provides easy access to other Asian markets, making it a prime location for manufacturing and logistics.
  • Young and Skilled Workforce: With a median age of around 30, Vietnam’s workforce is young, dynamic, and increasingly skilled, particularly in technology and manufacturing sectors.
  • Favorable Trade Agreements: Vietnam has entered into numerous trade agreements, such as the CPTPP, EVFTA, and RCEP, which reduce tariffs and enhance market access for its exports.
  • Stable Political Environment: The country’s stable government and pro-business policies create a conducive environment for foreign investment and manufacturing.

Future Outlook

The future of Vietnam’s manufacturing sector looks promising, with continuous investments in infrastructure, technology, and workforce development. The government’s focus on improving industrial zones, enhancing logistics, and fostering innovation will further boost the sector. By 2030, Vietnam aims to become a high-tech manufacturing hub, increasing its global competitiveness and economic resilience.


Vietnam’s manufacturing sector has experienced significant growth, driven by key industries, substantial foreign direct investment, and competitive advantages. Businesses looking to explore the manufacturing sector Vietnam offers will find a robust environment for growth and expansion. With a favorable future outlook, Vietnam’s manufacturing sector expansion presents numerous opportunities for investors and businesses alike.